There are different interpretations of the historic numbered Treaties of Canada. The federal government has
their own interpretations of the Treaty agreements and First Nations have their own understandings of what
was negotiated with the British Crown. As an example, Treaty #4 was signed in 1874 near where the
current town of Fort Qu’Appelle is located. A few years after Treaty #4 was signed, Chief Paskwa, one of
the signatories of Treaty #4 decided to created a document that was intended for Queen Victoria of England
(Queen Victoria has often been referred to by First Nations as the Queen Mother as she was the reigning
monarch of England during the early Indian Treaty period.) “Chief Paskwa created a document of his own,
in the form of a pictograph based on what he was told by an interpreter, says Delbert Pasqua. Delbert
Pasqua is a direct descendant of Chief Paskwa and is in charge of deciphering the images that were put to
paper. [Chief Paskwa] didn’t understand them, he had to take the interpreter’s word that this is what [the
Crown] meant, what they were promising,” (CBC News, March 26, 2017)
a) what was Chief Paskwa trying to communicate to Queen Victoria of England about
b) interpret some of the symbols that Chief Paskwa used in his pictograph?
c) support your answers
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