Managerial Accounting – Problem 13-23Polaski CompanyPolaski Company manufactures and sells a single product called a Ret. Operating at capacity, the company can produce and sell 30,000 Rets per year. Costs associated with this level of production and sales are given below:Unit TotalDirect materials $15.00 $450,000Direct labor 8.00 240,000Variable manufacturing overhead 3.00 90,000Fixed manufacturing overhead 9.00 270,000Variable selling expense 4.00 120,000Fixed selling expense Â Â Â Â 6.00 Â Â Â Â 180,000Total cost $45.00 $1,350,000The Rets normally sell for $50.00 each. Fixed manufacturing overhead is constant at $270,000 per year within the range of 25,000 through 30,000 Rets per year.Required:1. Assume that due to a recession, Polaski Company expects to sell only 25,000 Rets through regular channels next year. A large retail chain has offered to purchase 5,000 Rets if Polaski Company is willing to accept a 16% discount off the regular price. There would be no sales commissions on this order; thus, variable selling expenses would be slashed by 75%. However, Polaski Company would have to purchase a special machine to engrave the retail chainâs name on the 5,000 units. This machine would cost $10,000. Polaski Company has no assurance that the retail chain will purchase additional units in the future. Determine the impact on profits next year if this special order is accepted.2. Refer to the original data. Assume again that Polaski Company expects to sell only 25,000 Rets through regular channels next year. The U.S. Army would like to make a one-time-only purchase of 5,000 Rets. The Army would pay a fixed fee of $1.80 per Ret, and it would reimburse Polaski Company for all costs of production (variable and fixed) associated with the units. Since the Army would pick up the Rets with its own trucks, there would be no variable selling expenses associated with this order. If Polaski Company accepts the order, by how much will profits increase or decrease for the year?3. Assume the same situation as that described in (2) above, except that the company expects to sell 30,000 Rets through regular channels next year. Thus, accepting the U.S. Armyâs order would require giving up regular sales of 5,000 Rets. If the Armyâs order is accepted, by how much will profits increase or decrease from what they would be if the 5,000 Rets were sold through regular channels?
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